TRADITIONAL JAPANESE DOLL: NINGYO
Japan is a country with a centuries-old history and rich national traditions. Many dream of visiting this fabulous country. Having been there, travelers bring with them a lot of impressions and, of course, souvenirs. There are a lot of souvenir products in Japan, and it is represented by a variety of items. There is a traditional Japanese doll in Japan, as in other countries. And it is very popular among tourists.
Many people bring dolls from Japan, but not everyone knows what varieties exist in Japan, and not everyone is familiar with their history and mission. However, such information is likely to be interesting to people who collect various collections of dolls, or simply love these charming creations. I would like to note that in this article we will talk about traditional Japanese dolls, and about everything that is connected with them. The doll in Japanese sounds like “Ningyo”, and is written in just two characters. Certain types of these toys are made only for the holidays. For example, on such a famous day as Hinamatsuri, this is a celebration of all the girls. And many types of dolls play the role of souvenirs.
The craftsmanship of creating dolls in Japan is considered official since 1936. And the masters of their craft are awarded the highest awards every year. The traditional materials for these Japan toys are fabrics, wood paper, and clay. All traditional Japanese dolls are unique in appearance and many have a national painting. Perhaps it’s time to get to know all the wonderful creatures closer.
Hina-ningyo is used only during the Hinamatsuri festival. These traditional Japanese dolls are an image of the emperor’s family. They put up a slide during the holiday. The slide is represented by a stand of 3.5 or 7 tiers. At the very top are the emperor and empress, followed by courtiers of various ranks, in descending order. Hina Ningyo dolls are valuable and are made from materials that are expensive. They are carefully stored in each family and are inherited. This collection is in the house where there are girls for a month. Then the toys are cleaned in a safe place, and stored there until the next holiday, which is held on March 3.
Gogatsu-ningo are also participants in the festival called “Boys Day.” Most often these are images of warriors in armor, characters in Japanese history, figures of horses, as well as characters in the Japanese epic. They are also put on display in a house where there are sons, and are carefully stored in such families.
Mechanical traditional Japanese dolls or Karakuri-ningyo. Since ancient times, these interesting products have been made by skilled craftsmen who kept the secret of their manufacture and passed it only to their children. Such dolls move and make different movements with the help of a mechanism operating from pouring liquid, sand, hot steam. These mechanisms are not visible, they are hidden under the clothes of the chrysalis. Such creatures even present tea to guests. They ride on wheels to the guest with a cup of tea, and then bow and drive off when she is at the guest.
Gose-ningyo portray healthy children with thick cheeks and a well-fed body. These dolls are usually wooden, and they are covered with a special composition. This is a small crumb of crushed shells. Gose-ningyo began to make the artisans of the emperor’s palace, which is why they are called palace. These figures are usually given to people in front of a long journey. Currently, they are made from porcelain.
Wooden traditional Japanese dolls that are covered with cloth are called Kimekomi-ningyo in Japan. The beginning of the manufacture of such dolls dates back to the 18th century, they were made as souvenir toys by the monks of one of the temples of Japan. Previously, these figures were only wooden, but in modern times they are made of special wooden mass. Its basis is the paulownia tree. The fabric that makes up the clothes of this doll is tucked into special cuts on the tree.
The most expensive are Hakata-ningyo. They are copyright works from ceramics, and are made only in single copies. These are very beautiful, exclusive works that are recognized and have success all over the world. The beginning of their manufacture dates back to the 17th century. In the first half of the 19th century Hakata-Ningyo dolls were participants in cultural events in Paris, where they aroused genuine interest.
Kokeshi is known as a common Japanese souvenir. This is a wood doll. It is characteristic that she has neither arms nor legs. In fact, the doll consists of two components: the body and head, made separately and interconnected. Kokeshi are always painted with different paintings, which are different in different parts of the country. These lovely creatures are loved by many tourists and are a characteristic souvenir that almost everyone brings from Japan.
The traditional Japanese Daruma doll personifies the mythological creature Bodhidharma who brings happiness. It has a rounded shape without arms and without legs. Bodhidharma lost its limbs during numerous meditations, as the legend goes.