THE FAMOUS DIAMOND “KOCH-I-NOR”
Everyone loves to receive jewelry as a gift, especially women. Their choice is very large, so you need to choose a thing that will correspond to the future owner in many ways. Jewelry is not only distinguished by its diversity, but also by its value. They will be an excellent gift to an important person and a nice inexpensive souvenir brought from memory from around the world. With this publication I want to start a story about various precious and semiprecious stones. After all, they all have different properties, and knowledge of them can greatly facilitate the choice of a gift. I hope you will be interested to read about the different stones used in jewelry, and about their history. I want to start a series of publications with the history of one stone. And this is the famous Koch-i-Nor diamond.
For a long time, diamonds were mined in only one country – India. She is the birthplace of this famous stone. He was found there and named because he emitted a huge amount of light. Translated from the Persian language, “Koch-i-Nor” means “Mountain of Light.” The weight of this stone is 800 carats. Such an amazing creation of nature has an amazing fate and history, which is full of tragic events and is associated with the conquest of power.
Until 1306, diamond was the property of King Malva. He was later taken from him by fraud and taken to Delhi. There, an amazing stone was located for almost 200 years, until the invaders invaded India. These were the Mongols led by Khan Babur. His young son Humayun was on a campaign with him. He found the famous diamond when the fortress of Agra was taken, and the soldiers plundered it. Among other values was a jewelry box, and in it was a diamond that overshadowed all the values in the world.
Time passed, much has changed, and Humayun was forced to hide in Persia. With him was the Koch-i-Nor, which he presented to the Persian king for his supportive attitude. The next owner of the stone was the ruler of the Mongols. Diamond adorned his throne after he returned to India. How he got there historians are still wondering. Shah Jahan went down in history as a cruel man who eliminated his family so that there were no more applicants for the throne.
The beauty of diamond has long pleased the ruler in India. But fate turned so that India was again conquered by the Persians. The jewel again returned to the Persian conqueror Nadir. It was he who called the diamond a mountain of light. Until that time, no one called him. The stone simply struck him on the spot with its glow. After these events, the famous diamond still continued to travel. From Kabul, the Afghan capital, he fell into the hands of the colonialists in 1849. The heir to the throne gave the Koch-i-Nor diamond and abandoned the throne.
The gem was in the hands of the British, it was worn on the chest by Queen Victoria as an ornament. And nowadays, a diamond is located in the Tower of London.
Any woman will be pleased to receive earrings as a gift. Although at present they are used as jewelry by some men. These jewelry are worn classically in the earlobe, for which a puncture is done there. By the way, in ancient times, earrings were considered only male jewelry and it was the strong half of humanity who wore them.
These magnificent products are currently made in various variations and from different materials. These are precious metals, natural and artificial stones, which are selected for each beauty individually, taking into account her external data and preferences. Jewelry masters from different countries use new technologies for processing products, and designers come up with original forms. Therefore, it is easy to choose such a gift, because a number of presented jewelry for the ears will satisfy every taste.
An excellent souvenir can be earrings brought from different trips. They, as well as beads made of natural stones, are made by craftsmen taking into account national traditions, and will long retain the memory of places visited. In addition, they are unusually beautiful. Everyone likes earrings. Women love to wear them and prefer to have enough jewelry for different occasions, and men love to admire their ladies in amazing products. The story of ear jewelry began long ago, and I think it will be of interest to many.
Interesting facts from the history of earrings
We often choose earrings as a gift, and we don’t know that these jewelry appeared more than 7 centuries ago. Their appearance was noted in Central Asia and later in Egypt, where they were considered only male adornment. Only later did women begin to wear earrings. As different were the materials from which the earrings were made, so was the attitude to them in society in different countries.
In Egypt, they indicated a high position in the society of the people who wore them. But in ancient Rome it was the other way round, earrings spoke of the low origin of man. Although many ladies from the nobility wore earrings with precious stones. We had the same situation in Russia. Noble nobles in the time of Peter I wore wigs and they could not see the ears. Here peasants could often see…